Main purposes of dating
The letter contains a number of historical references that agree with known facts of Paul’s life and the doctrinal content of the book is consistent with the other writings of the apostle, a fact quickly evident by a comparison with his other letters.A few examples must suffice: the doctrine of justification by faith (Rom -22; Gal ); the church as the body of Christ appointed to represent and serve him through a variety of spiritual gifts (Rom 12; 1 Cor 12); the collection for the poor saints at Jerusalem (Rom -28; 2 Cor 8-9).From there he went to Jerusalem to deliver the money, intending to continue on to Rome and Spain (). , it appears Paul had already received contributions from the churches of Macedonia and Achaia (where Corinth was located). 8-9), the writing of Romans must follow that of 1 and 2 Corinthians which is dated about A. Rather, three clear purposes unfold for the writing of Romans.Paul did eventually get to Rome, but as a prisoner. 57-58 most likely near the end of his third missionary journey (Acts -; see also Rom. This means he had already been at Corinth and since he had not yet been at Corinth when he wrote to that church (cf. The first was simply to announce Paul’s plans to visit Rome after his return to Jerusalem and to prepare the church for his coming (, 28-29; cf. Paul wanted to inform them of his plans and to have them anticipate and pray for their fulfillment (-32).He had denied the Christian claim that Jesus was the Messiah, the Son of God. Saul stood by “consenting unto his death.” But when the Lord Jesus spoke to Saul on the day of the great experience outside Damascus, he knew that Stephen had been right and he had been wrong. The impact must have necessitated great psychological and intellectual readjustments.Further, he did not believe that He had risen from the dead as Stephen had proclaimed when he cried, “Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God” (Acts ). This may well account for the period spent in Arabia and Damascus before his first visit to Jerusalem (Gal. Then he went back to his home territory and for a period of eight to ten years little is known of his activities.Romans, which has been called his “greatest work” or his “magnum opus,” gets its title from the fact it was written to the church in Rome (1:7, 15).
As such a student, he was familiar with many of the sayings of classical and contemporary writers.Naturally, many questions would arise as to the meaning and application of the gospel for Christians.Thus, the Epistles answer these questions, give the interpretation of the person and work of Christ, and apply the truth of the gospel to believers. He was born of Jewish parentage in the city of Tarsus of Cilicia.He was not only a Jew, but by his own testimony, he was a Pharisee and a son of a Pharisee (Acts 23:6), was a Hebrew of Hebrews (spoke Hebrew or Aramaic), was of the tribe of Benjamin (Phil.3:4-5), and had evidently been taught the trade of tent-making as a youth (Acts 18:3).
Paul’s epistles fall into two categories: nine epistles written to churches (Romans to 2 Thessalonians) and four pastoral and personal epistles (1 and 2 Timothy, Titus and Philemon).