Even in times of peace, diplomacy may involve coercive threats of economic or other punitive measures or demonstrations of the capability to impose unilateral solutions to disputes by the application of military power.
However, diplomacy normally seeks to develop goodwill toward the state it represents, nurturing relations with foreign states and peoples that will ensure their cooperation or—failing that—their neutrality.
It may be coercive (i.e., backed by the threat to apply punitive measures or to use force) but is overtly nonviolent.
Its primary tools are international dialogue and negotiation, primarily conducted by accredited , meaning “one who is sent”) and other political leaders.
It conducts the passages from protest to menace, dialogue to negotiation, ultimatum to reprisal, and war to peace and reconciliation with other states.) contains about 240 pages of curious drawings, incomprehensible diagrams and undecipherable handwriting from five centuries ago.Whether a work of cipher genius or loopy madness, it is hard to deny it is one of those rare cases where the truth is many times stranger than fiction.Primary responsibility for supervising the execution of policy may lie with the head of state or government, a cabinet or a nominally nongovernmental collective leadership, the staff of the country’s leader, or a minister who presides over the foreign ministry, directs policy execution, supervises the ministry’s officials, and instructs the country’s diplomats abroad.The purpose of diplomacy is to strengthen the state, nation, or organization it serves in relation to others by advancing the interests in its charge.
It may employ secret agents, subversion, war, or other forms of violence as well as diplomacy to achieve its objectives.